Those years, give up the Nobel prize big coffee people – Sichuan Channel – People’s network-www.xinkebiao.com.cn

In those years, give up to receive the Nobel prize "great coffee" — Sichuan channel: people.com.cn original title: in those years, give up to receive the Nobel prize "coffee" comprehensive report, the 2016 annual Nobel award was announced, since October 3rd 13, Nobel prize in American folk artist Bob Dylan, lead? Hot. Since 1901, the Nobel prize has been awarded for more than a hundred years, hundreds of outstanding contributors in various fields have been recognized, and have won a lot of bonuses. However, some people did not receive this honor, why is it behind? [Sutter: always declining official honor] Sutter, French writer. (source: Agence France-Presse) in 1964, was awarded the Nobel prize for literature of the famous French writer Jean? Paul? Sutter, the reason is that "his works full of rich ideas, the spirit of freedom and the quest for the truth, has great influence on our times". However, Sutter immediately issued a statement, refused to accept the award. In fact, when Sutter learned that he was nominated for the Nobel prize for literature, he wrote to him. However, the Royal Swedish Academy decided to award the prize to Sutter. Sutter insisted on his own idea, saying, "my refusal is not a sudden, sudden act, and I have always declined the honor from the government."." In his statement, Sutter said there were two reasons for him to make this decision: from personal factors, he believed that all the honors he could receive would cause his readers to face "unnecessary pressure". If he signed "let Paul? Sutter", this is different from the concept of "Nobel prize winner Jean Paul Sutter". In terms of objective factors, Sutter believed that he could not accept any honor given by any advanced cultural institution representing the West or the east. Moreover, the Nobel prize was a very heavy burden for Sutter". [Jelinek]: there is no admission qualification in 2004, the Swedish Academy will be awarded the Nobel prize for literature writers in Austria Elfride? Jelinek, the reason is: "her novels and plays with musical rhythm, her works are full of passion with extraordinary language reveals the social phenomenon and the stale force be a wild legend." Jelinek is the tenth woman to win the Nobel prize for literature. The main works include the piano teacher, the female lover, we are the liar, baby, lust, and so on. Among them, the piano teacher was adapted to become more familiar with the film. Although Jelinek did not reject the Nobel prize itself, he made a statement on the second day of the award and announced that he would not go to Stockholm to receive the honor. Horace Eng Doyle, one of the judges of the Nobel prize for literature, said that Jelinek was the first person to win the prize. "I can never go to you for a prize. I have social phobia and I don’t want to talk to anybody."." Jelinek gave two reasons not to go to Stockholm to accept the award: first, poor health; second, she considered herself ineligible

那些年,放弃领取诺贝尔奖的“大咖”们–四川频道–人民网 原标题:那些年,放弃领取诺贝尔奖的“大咖”们   综合报道,2016年度的诺贝尔奖自10月3日起逐渐揭晓,13日,诺贝尔文学奖授予美国民谣艺术家鲍勃?迪伦,引发热议。自1901年起,诺贝尔奖已经颁发了超过百年,数百名各个领域的杰出贡献者受到表彰,并且拿到了数量不菲的奖金。然而,也有人并未领取这一殊荣,背后原因何在?   【萨特:一向谢绝官方荣誉】   法国文学家萨特。(图片来源:法新社)   1964年,诺贝尔文学奖被授予法国当代著名文学家让?保罗?萨特,授奖的理由是“他的作品理念丰富,充满自由的精神和对真理的探求,对我们的时代产生了广泛的影响”。然而,萨特随即发表声明,拒绝接受这一奖项。   事实上,在萨特得知自己被提名为诺贝尔文学奖候选人时,就曾经致函谢绝。然而,瑞典皇家学院仍决定将这一奖项颁给萨特。萨特则坚持了自己的理念,称“我的拒绝并不是什么仓促的突然的行动,我一向谢绝来自官方的荣誉。”   萨特在声明中称,促使他做出这一决定的有两方面原因,从个人因素而言,他认为,所有他可能接受的荣誉,都会使他的读者面临“不必要的”压力。如果他署名“让?保罗?萨特”,这与署名“诺贝尔奖获得者让?保罗?萨特”的概念是不同的。   而从客观因素而言,萨特认为,自己不能接受代表西方或者是东方的任一高级文化机构授予的任何荣誉。此外,诺贝尔奖丰厚的奖金对萨特而言,也是一个“非常沉重的负担”。   【耶利内克:自认没有资格】   2004年,瑞典文学院将诺贝尔文学奖的授予奥地利女作家埃尔弗里德?耶利内克,理由是:“她的小说和戏剧具有音乐般的韵律,她的作品以非凡的充满激情的语言揭示了社会上的陈腐现象及其禁锢力的荒诞不经。”   耶利内克是第10位获得诺贝尔文学奖的女性,主要作品包括《钢琴教师》、《女情人们》、《我们是骗子,宝贝》、《情欲》等等。其中,《钢琴教师》因被改编成了电影更加为人所熟知。   尽管耶利内克并没有拒绝诺贝尔奖本身,却在获奖第二天发表声明,宣布自己不会去斯德哥尔摩领取这项荣誉。诺贝尔文学奖评委之一的贺拉斯?恩格道尔称,得知自己获奖,耶利内克第一句话是,“我决不能去你们那儿拿奖,我有社交恐惧症,不愿意见人。”   耶利内克给出了两条理由不前往斯德哥尔摩领奖的理由:第一,身体健康状况不佳;第二,她认为自己没有资格获得这一大奖。耶利内克称,得知获奖的消息,她“不是高兴,而是绝望”。她表示,自己从来没有想过能获得诺贝尔奖,或许这一奖项是应颁发给另外一位奥地利作家彼杰尔?汉德克。   【多马克:遭希特勒政令禁止】   德国科学家格哈德?多马克。   1939年,德国科学家格哈德?多马克因“发现‘百浪多息’的抗菌作用”获得了诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。百浪多息出现在青霉素之前,是第一款能够商用的抗生素。在百浪多息被发现后,普通细菌感染的致死人数出现了迅速下降。   多马克最早的病人包括他年仅6岁的女儿。1935年,她不慎用未经消毒的针刺伤了自己,造成感染。她的病情不断恶化,医生们已经开始考虑截肢。绝望的多马克给女儿使用了百浪多息,这种药物才刚刚开始进行人体测试。多马克赌赢了这一局,女儿在2天后痊愈出院。   1939年,诺贝尔评奖委员会宣布多马克获奖。但他没能前去领奖,反而遭盖世太保逮捕,身陷囹圄。原来,在1937年,希特勒颁布政令,禁止德国人领取诺贝尔奖。   这一政令导致3名德国科学家未能领取属于他们的诺贝尔奖。除了多马克之外,1938年获得诺贝尔化学奖的理查德?库恩和1939年获得化学奖的阿道夫?布泰南特都未能领取属于他们的荣誉。   1947年,在获得诺贝尔奖8年之后,属于多马克的颁奖仪式终于举行,瑞典国王亲自为他颁发了证书和奖章。不过,由于领奖时间远远超过了规定年限,多马克的奖金已成为诺贝尔奖储备基金,不再补发。(郭?蔚) (责编:罗娟、高红霞)相关的主题文章: